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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 1: Management algorithm of children with suspected obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. *High-risk group: age <3 years, obesity, chronic mouth breathing, syndromic or nonsyndromic craniofacial growth disorders, chronic gastroesophageal reflux, chronic upper airway allergies, trisomy 21, cerebral palsy, neuromuscular disorders, chronic lung disease, sickle cell disease, genetic/metabolic diseases. Abbreviations: T and A: Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy; PAP: Positive airway pressure; RME: Rapid maxillary expansion; MAD: Mandibular advancement device; OMT: Orofacial myofunctional therapy.

Figure 1: Management algorithm of children with suspected obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. *High-risk group: age <3 years, obesity, chronic mouth breathing, syndromic or nonsyndromic craniofacial growth disorders, chronic gastroesophageal reflux, chronic upper airway allergies, trisomy 21, cerebral palsy, neuromuscular disorders, chronic lung disease, sickle cell disease, genetic/metabolic diseases. Abbreviations: T and A: Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy; PAP: Positive airway pressure; RME: Rapid maxillary expansion; MAD: Mandibular advancement device; OMT: Orofacial myofunctional therapy.